- The electrical equipment must be manufactured under the good safety practice in force in the European Union. When properly installed and maintained, and used for its intended purpose, it must not endanger persons.
- Most electrical equipment is covered by the Low Voltage LVD 2014/35/EU, the Electromagnetic Compatibility EMCD 2014/30/EU, and the Restriction of Hazardous Substances in Electrical and Electronic Equipment (RoHS2) Directives 2011/65/EU and must therefore bear the CE marking. Exceptions are, for example, high-voltage equipment, as well as socket outlets and electricity meters.
- Electrical equipment must be marked with a type, batch, serial number, or any other mark that allows the equipment to be identified. If the equipment's size or nature does not allow this, the information must be given on the document or packaging.
- The electrical equipment must bear the manufacturer's name, registered trade name, mark, and contact details (address). Where the size or nature of the apparatus does not allow this information to be marked on the appliance, this information must be provided on the document or packaging. The contact details must be provided in a language easily understood by the end-user and the market surveillance authority.
- The electrical equipment must bear the particulars, including technical characteristics, necessary for its safe operation.
- The electrical equipment must be accompanied by instructions and safety information in Estonian. The electrical equipment, together with its components, must be manufactured so that it can be safely and correctly assembled and connected to the mains supply.
Import and distribution of electrical equipment
An electrical appliance may be placed on the market if it:
- complies with the legal requirements;
- bears the conformity marking (CE marking), if required.
At the request of the market surveillance officer, the person who places the electrical equipment on the market shall provide documentary evidence of the electrical equipment's conformity. This conformity shall be demonstrated through the technical documentation of the equipment.
The technical documentation must include:
- a general description of the electrical equipment;
- The general technical description of the electrical equipment;
- reports and explanations necessary for the understanding of the drawings, schemes, and operation of the electrical equipment;
- a list of the standards applied in the manufacture of the electrical equipment applied in whole or in part, or a list of other measures taken to ensure conformity of the electrical equipment where standards have not been applied;
- the design calculations made and the results of tests carried out, etc.;
- test reports;
- a copy of the declaration of conformity.
The declaration of conformity must include:
- product model/product (product, type, batch, or serial number);
- name and address of the manufacturer or his authorized representative;
- the manufacturer's or its authorized representative or the manufacturer's authorized representative's name, and the manufacturer's authorized representative's identification number;
- information allowing the identification of the product to be declared (e.g., type, batch, or serial number);
- the relevant Union harmonization legislation with which the product declared conforms;
- references to the harmonized standards used or references to other technical specifications with which conformity is declared;
- additional information: signatory (by whom and on his behalf), place and date of issue, name, capacity, signature.
Compliant electrical equipment must bear conformity marking before being placed on the market. The conformity marking shall be affixed by the manufacturer or his authorized representative to the electrical equipment or, where that is not possible, to the packaging, the instruction manual, or the electrical equipment's guarantee document.
The importer may only place on the market a product that complies with the requirements. Before placing a product on the market, the importer must ensure that:
- the manufacturer has carried out an appropriate conformity assessment;
- the manufacturer has compiled the technical documentation;
- the product bears the required conformity marking(s);
- the required documents accompany the product;
- the manufacturer has complied with the legal requirements.
The importer shall keep a copy of the EC declaration of conformity and the technical documentation at the market surveillance authority's disposal.
Before making a product available on the market, the distributor must check that:
- the product bears the required conformity marking or markings;
- the product is accompanied by the documents and by instructions and safety information required by the legislation;
- the manufacturer and the importer have complied with the requirements laid down in the legislation.
Where the distributor considers that the product does not comply with the applicable requirements, he shall not make the product available on the market until it has been brought into compliance. If the product presents a risk, the distributor shall inform the manufacturer or the importer and the market surveillance authority to that effect.
Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) is the electrical equipment or installations' ability to operate satisfactorily in an electromagnetic environment without causing unacceptable electromagnetic disturbance to other equipment in that environment.
The electromagnetic disturbance is an electromagnetic phenomenon that can degrade the performance of electrical equipment and installations. An electromagnetic disturbance may be electromagnetic noise, an unwanted signal, or a change in the propagation environment.
Immunity to disturbance is the ability of electrical equipment or installations to function as intended without degradation of performance in the presence of electromagnetic disturbance.
Electrical equipment and installations must be so designed and constructed as to ensure that, when used for their intended purpose:
- the electromagnetic disturbance produced does not exceed a level above which radio and telecommunications equipment or other electrical equipment or installations cannot operate as intended;
- have a level of immunity to the electromagnetic disturbances expected in their intended use that allows them to operate without unacceptable degradation of the intended use quality.
As a result of these requirements, the electrical installation shall be built following good engineering practice. This good engineering practice shall be documented, and the documentation shall be kept available throughout the lifetime of the electrical installation.
Electromagnetic compatibility requirements shall not apply to electrical equipment and installations for which these requirements derive from other legislation.
There are several different types of installation cables available in Estonia. Installation cables are subject to the requirements of the Low Voltage Directive. This means that the installation cable must comply with the safety requirements laid down in harmonized standards, international standards, or the national standard of a Member State of the European Economic Area (the country where the cable is manufactured).
Installation cables may also be manufactured using the manufacturer's technical specifications (standards) while respecting the Directive's safety objectives.
When choosing the installation cable, it should be borne in mind that, although the cable on sale complies with the requirements of the Low Voltage Directive and can therefore be placed on the market and used in Estonia, it may not be suitable for electrical installation work in Estonia at all times (e.g., during the winter period). In particular, the cable's minimum installation temperature may be such as requiring constant monitoring of the ambient temperature both during transportation and installation.
When installing the cable, the person carrying out the electrical work must comply with the requirements of EVS-HD 60364-1, EVS-HD 60364-5-51, EVS-HD 60364-5-52, and EVS-EN 50565-1. The manufacturer's installation instructions for the installation cable shall also be followed.
After the electrical work has been carried out, the person who has carried out the electrical work must satisfy himself based on the documentation that the electrical installation or the electrical work carried out meets the requirements. The electrical work must be documented.
Last updated: 06.04.2021